Dating made in japan
Many Christmas ornaments were imported from Poland in the 1950s because border changes left much of the German glass industry into Poland. Zone" (or British or French Zone.) In the early 1950s, many items are marked Western rather than West Germany. In the 1950s and into the 1960s, Japanese imports were primarily "dime store" items tin toys, planters, ceramic figurines, plastic gee-gaws, etc.
Border changes and politics continued to offer clues to dating, however. It was feasible to produce and import such items because of very low production costs - in materials, equipment, shipping, and quality control, as well as labor.
From 1891 until 1949 their production was marked "made in China." but, because of domestic instability in China (the Boxer Rebellion, the Republican Revolution, regional Warlords, Civil War, Japanese aggression, etc.), there was relatively little trade with that country during that period.
From 1949 to the mid 1970s there were no trade relations with mainland China. production came to be labeled "made in Taiwan." Italy and France are both major sources of contemporary glass items.
Taiwanese production from this era is marked "made in Republic of China" or "made in China (R. Some of the items are made of very heavy glass resembling early bottles in color and manufacturing techniques.
In 1890 Congress passed protectionist tariff legislation - the Mc Kinley Tariff.
This legislation, in addition to imposing heavy tarriffs on imports and provoking a major depression in the United States, also required that imported items be labeled with their country of origin.
Many items were marked, of course, but they were "prestige" items - European china for example - where the manufacturer and importer thought the source was a favorable selling point.
These "prestige" marks will name the manufacturer as well as the country and are normally very elaborate looking things with lions and crowns and coats of arms and so on - all intended to impress the brash Yankees.
Where Yesterday Meets Tomorrow The dating of antiques and collectibles can be a very tricky business.