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447-432 BCE., at Athens designed by Iktinos and Kallikrates.As its names suggests, the Ionic order originated in Ionia, a coastal region of central Anatolia—today Turkey—where a number of ancient Greek settlements were located.The Doric order is the earliest of the three Classical orders of architecture and represents an important moment in Mediterranean architecture when monumental construction made the transition from impermanent materials—like wood—to permanent materials, namely stone.
The sixth century BCE Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, a wonder of the ancient world, was also an Ionic design.
Other early, but fragmentary, examples include the sanctuary of Hera at Argos, votive capitals from the island of Aegina, as well as early Doric capitals that were a part of the Temple of Athena Pronaia at Delphi in central Greece.
The Doric order finds perhaps its fullest expression in the Parthenon, c.
As the name suggests, the origins of the order were connected in antiquity with the Greek city-state of Corinth, where, according to the architectural writer Vitruvius, the sculptor Callimachus drew a set of acanthus leaves surrounding a votive basket (Vitr. In archaeological terms, the earliest known Corinthian capital comes from the Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae and dates to c. The defining element of the Corinthian order is its elaborate, carved capital, which incorporates even more vegetal elements than the Ionic order does.
The stylized, carved leaves of an acanthus plant grow around the capital, generally terminating just below the abacus.The Corinthian order is both the latest and the most elaborate of the Classical orders of architecture.