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The word is translatable as "The Treasury" and "The Treasurer" of fire or "The Land of the Fire" The Upper Paleolithic and late Bronze Age cultures are attested in the caves of Tağılar, Damcılı, Zar, Yataq-yeri and in the necropolises of Leylatepe and Saraytepe.
Early settlements included the Scythians in the ninth century BC.
At the beginning of the 11th century, the territory was gradually seized by waves of Turkic Oghuz tribes from Central Asia.
The first of these Turkic dynasties established was the Ghaznavids, which entered the area now known as Azerbaijan by 1030.
It is one of the six independent Turkic states as well as an active members of the Turkic Council and the TÜRKSOY community.
Despite numerous conquests by the Sassanids and Byzantines, Albania remained an entity in the region until the ninth century.
The local dynasty of Shirvanshahs became a vassal state of Timur's Empire and assisted him in his war with the ruler of the Golden Horde Tokhtamysh.